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 Business law encompasses the law governing contracts, sales, commercial paper, agency and employment law, business organizations, property, and bailments. Other popular areas include insurance, wills, and estate planning, and consumer and creditor protection. Business law may include issues such as starting, selling, or buying a small business, managing a business, dealing with employees, or dealing with contracts, among others.

The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), which governs sales and commercial paper, has been adopted in some form by almost all states. There are agencies at the state and federal level which administer the law in such issues such as employment affairs and consumer and credit protection. The laws aim to protect fair business practices and due process rights for aggrieved workers and others. 

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Civil Law a type of legal field that typically addresses nonviolent circumstances and events that are perceived as presumable wrongs suffered. In contrast to peripheral legal fields, Civil Law maintains firm jurisdiction within the judicial review of occurrences, grievances, and complaints whose rectification is considered to be unlikely outside of a judicial setting.


Civil law, in the most basic of contexts, is applied to non-criminal matters to legally resolve an underlying issue. As a result of the designated area of legal issues, civil law will cover a wide range of areas, including issues relating to divorce cases, child support proceedings, personal injury suits or child custody matters. In addition, civil law is applied to business disagreements, such as disputes over contracts. Civil law will also include lawsuits brought by a party to recover damages relating to property ownership.